Smoky Quartz is a variety of quartz (silicon dioxide) imbued with free silicon. Historically, Smoky Quartz has been used by tribal cultures in ceremonies to provide protection from negative forces. Smoky Quartz is still considered to be a stone of protection that provides a safe-guarding barrier around the user. The dark colour of this stone associates it with the base chakra making it helpful in freeing blocked physical energy and alleviating fears and their foundation. Smoky Quartz helps one come to terms with one’s life circumstances and promotes self-respect and acceptance. It is believed to heighten learning while simultaneously calming the thinking mind. It is known to enhance perception and is used to improve insight in challenging and channelling activities. Most natural Smoky Quartz comes from Ontario, Brazil, Colorado, and the Swiss Alps.